Shanghai is the largest city in China, located at the Changjiang delta against the East China Sea.
Shanghai is one of the four metropolitan areas in China, which are set directly in the country’s central administration in the capital, Beijing. The entire municipality had 18,670,000 inhabitants in 2007 Shanghai’s city had 8,023,001 inhabitants at the 2000 census.
Residents in Shanghai enjoys a relatively high standard of living compared with the inhabitants of most of China’s cities. The central parts crossed by massive thoroughfares in several levels above ground level. Shanghai’s port is the most important in China. The city’s name means “to tread the sea.”
Shanghai is mentioned in Chinese historical sources as a locally important trading center as early as the Song and Yuan Dynasty. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty is said to have had a population of nearly 300,000 people, countless surrounding small towns included. Often it is said that today’s Shanghai was founded in 1553, when a city wall was built around the town center, as protection against pirates. Most inhabitants subsisted at this time either trading or fishing. Shanghai began to experience an economic boom in the late 1700s and at the beginning of the following century, gained a reputation as a commercial metropolis of growing significance and with a strategic location at the Huangpu River, a tributary of the mighty Yangtze River.
Shanghai is the most dynamic city in the world, right now, the fastest-changing nation. The city symbolizes not only the new customizable China but also sets the pace for the rest of the world. There are no dusty old imperial palace here, Shanghai is much more Hong Kong than Beijing. Instead, the European cityscapes with a peculiar style, mixed with tree-lined neighborhoods and the blade runner inspired horizon in Pudong. Shanghai is the city where China first met the West and it is still a frontier town, obsessed with the latest trends, fashion and technology.
Quick facts of Shanghai:
- Country: People’s Republic of China
- Continent: Asia
- Founded: In 751 f.Kr
- Population: 18 million
- Language: Chinese
- Time zone: GMT + 8
- Position / Location: 31 ° 14 ‘N and 121 ° 29′ east longitude
- Area: 6,340 km ²
- IATA: SHA, PVG
- Currency: Yuan (RMB)